Glossary

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Terms that are in some way, shape, or form pertinent to Lackadaisy...or maybe not. It is a toss-up, really. Anyhow, if you cannot find what you are looking for here, you can check here, and then leave a message here berating us for not having mentioned the term on this page. Maybe one of these days we will even update this page accordingly!

A

Aloe vera

Aloe vera

Aloe vera is a species of succulent plant that is believed to have originated in the Sudan. It is frequently used in herbal medicine, and there is some evidence that it may be useful in treating wounds and burn healing.[1] In a letter to Freckle, Rocky once asked that Freckle wish him Aloe vera while he was employed as a grill cook.[2]

Alors pas, peekon

Alors pas, peekon means, essentially, "of course not, thorn". In "Hatchetman", Nico says "Alors pas, peekon", in response to Mordecai's statement of, "No more jokes". In this context, "peekon" is being used as a sort of petname.[3]

Amygdala

Amygdala

An amygdala is a portion of the brain.[4] In "Vaudevillian", after Asa jokingly asks Mordecai whether he arranged the pieces of his victims in alphabetical order, Mordecai dryly replies that, "'A' is for amygdala".

Arraignment

An arraignment is a formal reading of a criminal complaint to inform a party accused of a crime of the charges against them. In response, the accused is expected to enter a plea. During an arraignment the presiding judge determines at what amount, if any, to set bail.[5] After Zib and Virgil are arrested, Dom Drago informs them that they will probably be unable to find a judge to arraign them until after the holiday weekend.[6]

B

Bail

Bail is some form of property given to a court to persuade it to release a suspect from jail, on the understanding that the suspect will return for trial or forfeit the bail.[7] After Zib and Virgil are arrested, Zib intends to use cash he received from Mitzi to pay bail for them.[6]

Bakelite

A Bakelite letter opener from around 1920

Bakelite or polyoxybenzylmethylenglycolanhydride is a plastic that was developed in 1907 by Belgian chemist Leo Baekeland.[8] According to Mordecai in "Interloper", Mitzi's purse is made from Bakelite.

Barrymore

The Barrymores are an American acting family spanning five generations as of October 2011.[9] In "Doublet", Mitzi compares Wick's face to a Barrymore. Tracy noted in a forum posting that Mitzi is referring to John Barrymore.[10]

Bench warrant

A bench warrant authorizes the immediate on-sight arrest of an individual.[11]. At the time of "Misdemeanor", Zib has an outstanding bench warrant due to his failure to make a court date after being picked up at a hop house.

Bevo

Bevo.jpg

Bevo was a non-alcholic malt beverage brewed in the United States by Anheuser-Busch and popular during Prohibition. Production ended in 1929.[12] Mitzi, Rocky, Freckle, Asa and Mordecai are offered Bevo while they gather for lunch at the Bevo Mill in "Heartstrings".

Blackguard

Blackguard, pronounced "blaggard", is a term synonymous with "scoundrel".[13] In "Whizbang", Avril, one of the pig farmers, calls Rocky a blackguard.

Bolshevik

The Bolsheviks were a faction of the Marxist Russian Social Democratic Labour Party and eventually became the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. They came to power in Russia in 1917.[14] In "Defiance", Rocky expresses his belief that everyone, except the Bolsheviks, likes pie.

Breakaway

The Breakaway was a popular swing dance from 1919 to 1927.[15] In "Wishy-washy", Ivy asks Freckle whether he knows the Breakaway.

Breeches

Breeches are a type of garment similar to pants.[16] In "Homestead", Rocky is particularly horrified by the notion of Ivy meeting Nina while wearing breeches.

Bunny Hug

A Bunny Hug is an alcoholic beverage combining gin, whiskey and absinthe[17], though other variants are possible.[18] The gin/whiskey/absinthe variation receives a fair amount of commentary (and a picture!) here. Anyhow, according to "Preview 0029", Mordecai once got very intoxicated on Bunny Hugs and embarrassed the heck out of Viktor. Leave it to Tracy to bring up these repressed memories.

C

Cad

A cad, also called a rake or rakehell, is a historic term for an immoral man, frequently a heartless womanizer. The term originated in the 17th century.[19] In "Bee-line", Rocky teasingly calls Freckle a cad with regards to Ivy.

Chag Sameach

Chag Sameach is Hebrew for "joyous festival".[20] In "Tannenbaum", Mordecai wishes Viktor a Chag Sameach.

Charleston

The Charleston was a dance that peaked in popularity around 1926, though the rhythm was popularized in 1923.[21] In "Wishy-washy", Ivy asks Freckle whether he knows the Charleston.

Chloral hydrate

Chloral hydrate is a sedative and hypnotic drug, as well as a chemical reagent and precursor. It was widely used and misprescribed in the late 19th century.[22]. In "Lassitude", Dr. Quackenbush tells Mitzi that he has given Viktor a dose of chloral hydrate while treating his chest injury.

Clara Bow

Clara Bow was an American actress who became a silent film star during the 1920s.[23] Tracy has stated that Mitzi's looks are somewhat inspired by Clara Bow.[3]

Craps

Craps is a dice game in which players place wagers on the outcome of one or multiple rolls. Wikipedia has an article about craps here. Lackadaisy has a craps table that characters use for cover in "Malarkey".

D

Dakotas

The Dakotas is a collective term referring to North Dakota and South Dakota.[24] In August of 1923, Rocky wrote Freckle a letter that mentioned the Dakotas.[2]

Dionysus

Dionysus

Dionysus was the god of the grape harvest, winemaking and wine, of ritual madness and ecstasy in Greek mythology.[25] In "Bunny-box", Rocky calls Mitzi, "Lady Dionysus".

Dixie

Dixie is a nickname for the southern United States. According to Wikipedia, the Oxford English Dictionary states that the nickname's origin is obscure, while A Dictionary of Americanisms on Historical Principles (1951), by Mitford M. Mathews espouses three possible theories. For more about that, check out the Wikipedia article. In "Somersault", Rocky states that Freckle is as, "dear to (him) as Dixie was to Lee".

Dyspepsia

Dyspepsia is a fancy term for indigestion.[26] In "Bee-line", Rocky muses that the "high-pitched, screechy noise" Ivy is making as she approaches him and Freckle may be due to dyspepsia.

E

Escape artist

An escape artist is someone practiced at escaping from restraints or other traps. The art of doing this is called escapology.[27] In a partially-obscured letter to Freckle shown in "Correspondence", Rocky seemed to indicate that he might pursue becoming an escape artist for a circus.

F

Fé amae

Fé amae is an Irish expression that roughly translates as, "Woe is me!"[28] Upon seeing Rocky and Freckle making a mess of her rhododendrons in "Slipshod", Nina exclaims, "Fé amae!"

Flivver

A 1908 ad for a Flivver
Freckle's Flivver

A flivver is a car, generally a small, cheap, old car.[29] In "Latecomer", Ivy refers to Freckle's car as a flivver. As Ford Model T's in particular were called flivvers[30], this may suggest that Freckle's car is such a model.

G

Gadabout

A gadabout may be either a person who travels restlessly or aimlessly, or one who travels frequently for pleasure.[31] In a letter to Freckle, Rocky once referred to himself as a gadabout.[2]

Gam

A gam is a leg, particularly an attractive female leg.[32] In "Baby Vamp" Freckle refers to a passing woman's gams.

H

Hephaestus

Hephaestus

Hephaestus was the Greek god of technology, blacksmiths, craftsmen, artisans, sculptors, metals, metallurgy, fire and volcanoes. His Roman equivalent was Vulcan.[33] In a letter to Freckle that Rocky sent while working as a grill cook, he said, "Hephaestus help me!"[2]

Hibernia

Hibernia (Ireland)

Hibernia is the Classical Latin name for Ireland.[34] In "Shenanigans", Nina refers to Ireland as Hibernia.

Hostler

A hostler is a person employed in a stable to take care of horses.[35] In "Correspondence", one of Rocky's letters to Freckle seems to mention that a hostler suggested that Rocky would make a good escape artist.

I

Irish reel

Irish reel is a style of dance that involves complex figurations and styling. It may be a solo or set dance. Reel itself is a musical style.[36] In a letter to Freckle dated August, 1923, Rocky notes that a number of wasps he found inside a fiddle did not appreciate Irish reel music.[2]

J

Jack the Ripper

Jack the Ripper is a name given to an unidentified serial killer who was active in London in 1888.[37] In "Preview 0029", Tracy compares Mordecai to what might result were Jack the Ripper and Seinfield to have a cranky baby.

K

Kankakee

Kankakee, Illinois

Kankakee is a city located in Illinois.[38] Rocky's uncle was living in Kankakee in July 1921, when Rocky wrote Freckle a letter from his uncle's home.[2]

Kneecapping

Kneecapping is a form of malicious wounding that involves injuring a victim's knee joint and kneecap, often with a firearm.[39] "Heartstrings" establishes that Mordecai kneecapped Viktor as part of an attempt to convince Viktor to retire, shortly before Mordecai left Lackadaisy.

L

Lee

Robert E. Lee

Robert Edward Lee (1807-1870) was a Confederate Army general during the American Civil War.[40] In "Somersault", Rocky states that Freckle is as, "dear to (him) as Dixie was to Lee", most likely a reference to Robert E. Lee.

Little Lord Fauntleroy

Little Lord Fauntleroy is an English novel written by Frances Hodgson Burnett. It was first published as a serial between 1885-1886. The accompanying illustrations by Reginald Birch set fashion trends.[41] In "Academia", Rocky refers to Wick as Little Lord Fauntleroy, likely referring to his appearance and genteel personality.

Lindy Hop

The Lindy Hop is an American Swing dance that evolved in the 1920s and '30s in Harlem, New York City. It experienced a revival in the 1980s.[42] In "Wishy-washy", Ivy asks Freckle whether he knows the Lindy Hop and states that it is a new dance in New York.

Louisiana Purchase

The Louisiana Purchase was the acquisition of 828 thousand square miles of land belonging to France by the United Stated in 1803 for $15 million ($219 million in 2010 dollars). The land sold for under 3 cents/acre, or under 42 cents/acre in 2010 dollars.[43] In "Reader Question: Viktor" it is suggested that if Viktor were to come into a large sum of money he would make the Louisiana Purchase himself.

M

Maryland Heights

Maryland Heights

Maryland Heights is a suburb of St. Louis.[44]. "Scrapbook" reveals that Sable Stone and Quarry's new quarry, created in "Quarrymen", is located in Maryland Heights.

Mata Hari

Mata Hari

Mata Hari was the stage name of Margaretha Geertruida "M'greet" Zelle. She was a Dutch dancer and courtesan accused of espionage and executed by firing squad in France in 1917.[45] Mitzi used to perform what she referred to as the Mata Hari song.[46]

McClure's

McClure's

McClure's Magazine was an American monthly magazine. During the 1920s it was primarily a women's magazine, but McClure's has an extensive history, including being credited with creating muckraking journalism. Check it out at Wikipedia. In "Growltiger", Ivy is reading a McClure's while waiting for Freckle.

Missouri Pacific Railroad

The Missouri Pacific Railroad was one of the first railroads in the United States west of the Mississippi River.[47] On October 21, 1921, Rocky wrote a letter to Freckle while riding the Missouri Pacific Railroad.[2]

Molotov cocktail

A Molotov cocktail is an improvised explosive often used by those who do not have access to hand grenades, consisting of a bottle containing a flammable substance and an ignition source.[48] Rocky uses Molotov cocktails when he attacks the pig farm during the events of "Blitzwagen" through "Schadenfreude".

N

Nancy Carroll

Nancy Carroll was an American actress nominated for an Academy Award in 1930.[49]. Mitzi's appearance is somewhat inspired by Nancy Carroll.[3]

Nut zipper

Nut zippers

A nut zippper is a candy developed in the mid 1920s. It is a mix of caramel and peanuts.[50] In "Vaudevillian", Asa offers a nut zipper to Mordecai.

P

Peccaries

Peccary

A peccary is a medium-sized mammal that closely resembles a pig. They are found in the southwestern area of North America and throughout Central and South America.[51] Avril, one of the pig farmers, speculates that some of the bones he and Emery discover in "Echolalia" are from peccaries.

Petit fours

Petit fours are small confections usually eaten at the end of a meal, or as part of dessert. The name is French, and means "small oven".[52] Tracy has noted that Ivy is fond of petit fours.[53]

Phylloxera

Phylloxera

Phylloxera are a type of insect originally native to eastern North America and known for feeding on the roots and leaves of grapevines.[54] In "Briar-patch", Wick refers to a phylloxera infestation in Europe.

Pince-nez

Mordecai wears pince-nez.

Pince-nez are a style of eyeglasses that were popular in the 19th century. They lack earpieces and are supported by pinching the wearer's nose.[55] Mordecai wears a set of pince-nez.

Q

Quicklime

Quicklime, also called burnt lime or calcium oxide, is a white, caustic chemical compound.[56] In "Quicklime", Mitzi mentions that the "mess" remaining after the pig farmers' failed attack on Lackadaisy can be cleaned up with quicklime, suggesting how she intends to deal with them.

R

Roustabout

A roustabout is a laborer who typically performs temporary, unskilled work. The term often refers to circus workers or natural gas or oil rig workers.[57] Rocky once worked at a circus as a roustabout.[2]

S

The Saturday Evening Post

The Saturday Evening Post

The Saturday Evening Post is a bimonthly American magazine, though during the timeframe of Lackadaisy it was a weekly publication.[58] The Saturday Evening Post published some of P.G. Wodehouse's work. Tracy noted The Saturday Evening Post as a specific example of a magazine in which Wodehouse's work would have appeared.[59]

Seinfeld

Jerome Allen "Jerry" Seinfeld is an American stand-up comedian, actor, writer, and television and film producer. He is often considered to be one of the best stand-up comedians of all time.[60] In "Preview 0029", Tracy suggests that Mordecai could be the result if Seinfeld and Jack the Ripper had a cranky baby.

Shiv

A shiv.

A shiv is a slang term for any sharp or pointed instrument used as a knife-like weapon.[61] In "Academia", Rocky notes that while living with hobos sounds like fun, they tend to "shiv you and take your stuff".

Sickle Mower

A sickle mower.

A sickle mower is a farm implement that includes a long bar with sharp blades attached, used for cutting grass.[62] In "Dead-run", Rocky and Ivy try to stop a hearse from pursuing them by causing it to run over a sickle mower.

Sisters of Mercy

The Sisters of Mercy, more properly the Religious Order of the Sisters of Mercy, is an order of Roman Catholic women vowed to serve people who suffer from poverty, sickness and lack of education with a special concern for women and children.[63] In "Wherewithal", Wick asks Ivy if she has joined the Sisters of Mercy when she asks him for money to pay for medical assistance for Viktor.

Slovak

A Slovak is a member of a West Slavic people that are primarily from Slovakia and speak the Slovak language. No really, that's what Wikipedia says about it. See for yourself. Viktor and Mrs. Bapka are Slovak.[64][65]

Snellen chart

The Snellen chart is an eye chart used to measure visual acuity. It is named after a Dutch ophthalmologist who developed the chart during 1862. Results are generally expressed as 20/X, which roughly means that standing 20 feet away, someone can read as well as a person with normal visual acuity could read at X feet.[66]. Tracy noted that Mordecai's unadjusted vision would probably be between 20/60 and 20/80 on the Snellen chart.[67]

Spiritus frumenti

Spiritus frumenti is Whisky, an alcoholic liquid.[68] In "Defiance", Rocky asks Viktor where he can obtain spiritus frumenti.

Spring house

A spring house.

A spring house is a building that was used for refrigeration in rural areas before electric refrigeration was available. It is usually a one-room building constructed over the source of a spring.[69]. Rocky and Ivy find a spring house holding liquor in "Begorra".

Still

A Ukrainian vodka still

A still is a device used for producing alcoholic beverages.[70] The pig farmers had a working still in their barn."Scathefire".

Struggle Buggy

A 1920s slang term for the backseat of a car. The term generally carries romantic connotations.[71] Rocky in particular is fond of the term, especially in regards to Freckle and Ivy.[72][73]

T

The Perils of Pauline

The Perils of Pauline

The Perils of Pauline is a motion picture serial from 1914. Pauline is often cited as a famous example of a damsel in distress.[74] In "Formaldehyde", Rocky notes that the pig farmers intended to have him reenact The Perils of Pauline.

Tire Iron

(Bicycle) Tire Irons

A tire iron is a metal tool used in working with tires that have inner tubes. They have not been in common use since the 1950s.[75] In "Retinue", Rocky is holding a tire iron in a threatening manner as he surprises Wick, though he apparently only means to scare him.

Tommy Gun

Tommy gun
Freckle wielding a Tommy gun

The Tommy gun, more properly called a Thompson submachine gun, is a firearm that became infamous during Prohibition. It was named for its inventor, John T. Thompson.[76] The pig farmers are carrying Tommy guns when they break into Lackadaisy in "Drygulch".

Treasury Department

The Treasury Department, more properly referred to as the Department of the Treasury, is an executive department and the treasury of the United States federal government. It was established in 1789. During the time of Lackadaisy, crimes relating to Prohibition would fall under the Department of the Treasury via the Bureau of Prohibition.[77][78] In "Killjoy", in response to Zib's statement that Lackadaisy is being raided, Mitzi asks whether the Treasury Department is involved. Dom Drago tells Zib that he is an agent of the Treasury Department in "Revenuer".

Tuatha Dé Danann

The Tuatha Dé Danann are a race of people in Irish mythology.[79] Nina refers to them while talking to Rocky and Freckle about the wonders of St. Patrick's Day in "Shenanigans".

U

Ukulele

Ukulele
Mitzi playing the ukulele.

A ukulele is a four-stringed form of Hawaiian guitar that originated in the 19th century.[80] Mitzi has played the ukulele as a member of Zib's band, and in "Loggerheads", Asa offers to let Mitzi and the band perform at the Marigold Room.

V

Valentino

Rudolph Valentino

Rudolph Valentino was an Italian actor and sex icon of the 1920s. He was known as the "Latin Lover". One film he starred in was The Sheik.[81] In "Valentino", Viktor suggests that Mordecai return a woman's interested look with a Valentino-like expression. During the ensuing debate Mordecai at one point refers to Viktor as "Sheik".

Vanity Fair

Vanity Fair, April 1921

Vanity Fair is a pop culture, fashion, and current affairs magazine. It was established in 1913 when Condé Nast purchased a men's fashion magazine and renamed it Dress and Vanity Fair. The magazine was ultimately renamed Vanity Fair in 1914. [82] In "Bee-line", Ivy is planning to bring Viktor at least one copy of Vanity Fair.

Vivaldi

Antonio Vivaldi

Antonio Vivaldi was an Italian Baroque composer, priest and violinist.[83] In a letter to Freckle dated August, 1923, Rocky notes that a number of wasps nesting inside a fiddle did not seem to appreciate Vivaldi's music.[2]

Vogue

Vogue, May 1917

Vogue is a fashion and lifestyle magazine that was founded as a weekly publication by Arthur Baldwin Turnure in 1892.[84] In "Bee-line", Ivy is planning to bring Viktor at least one copy of Vogue.

W

Wag

A wag is a person given to mischievous behavior.[85] In "Misdemeanor", Zib refers to the cops who have arrested him as wags after they reveal that they have taken his money.

Wodehouse

P.G. Wodehouse

P. G. Wodehouse was an English humorist for more than seventy years, who lived from 1881 to 1975. Wodehouse's work was serialized in magazines such as The Saturday Evening Post.[59]. Read more about him at Wikipedia here. In "Rhubarb", Ivy mentions that she was thinking about reading Viktor the latest Wodehouse.

Y

Yen

In "Malarkey", Mitzi tells Zib, "You need to get your yen off". Technically Mitzi is simply dismissing Zib's erratic behavior, but beyond that, "to have a yen for" something is to have a craving for it, and historically the something was opium. During the timeframe of the comic, "yen" in and of itself could mean opium.[86]

References

  1. ^ Aloe vera at Wikipedia
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Correspondence"
  3. ^ a b c Forum post by Tracy - May 18, 2010
  4. ^ Amygdala at Wikipedia
  5. ^ Arraignment at Wikipedia
  6. ^ a b "Misdemeanor"
  7. ^ Bail at Wikipedia
  8. ^ Bakelite at Wikipedia
  9. ^ The Barrymore family at Wikipedia
  10. ^ Forum post by Tracy
  11. ^ Bench warrant at Wikipedia
  12. ^ Bevo at Wikipedia
  13. ^ Blackguard at Wiktionary
  14. ^ Bolshevik at Wikipedia
  15. ^ Breakaway at Wikipedia
  16. ^ Breeches at Wikipedia
  17. ^ "Preview 0029"
  18. ^ A Google search of Bunny Hugs
  19. ^ Cad at Wikipedia
  20. ^ Judaism 101:Expressions and Greetings
  21. ^ Charleston at Wikipedia
  22. ^ Chloral hydrate at Wikipedia
  23. ^ Clara Bow at Wikipedia
  24. ^ Dakotas at Wikipedia
  25. ^ Dionysus at Wikipedia
  26. ^ Dyspepsia at Wikipedia
  27. ^ Escapology at Wikipedia
  28. ^ Sengoídelc - Exclamations
  29. ^ Flivver at Wikipedia
  30. ^ Model T on Wikipedia
  31. ^ Gadabout at Dictionary.com
  32. ^ Gam at Dictionary.com
  33. ^ Hephaestus at Wikipedia
  34. ^ Hibernia at Wikipedia
  35. ^ Hostler at Wikipedia
  36. ^ Irish reel at Encyclopedia Britannica
  37. ^ Jack the Ripper at Wikipedia
  38. ^ Kankakee at Wikipedia
  39. ^ Kneecapping at Wikipedia
  40. ^ Robert Edward Lee at Wikipedia
  41. ^ Little Lord Fauntleroy at Wikipedia
  42. ^ The Lindy Hop at Wikipedia
  43. ^ Louisiana Purchase at Wikipedia
  44. ^ Maryland Heights at Wikipedia
  45. ^ Mata Hari at Wikipedia
  46. ^ "Vestige"
  47. ^ Missouri Pacific Railroad at Wikipedia
  48. ^ Molotov Cocktail on Wikipedia
  49. ^ Nancy Carroll at Wikipedia
  50. ^ Nut zippers on Wikipedia
  51. ^ Peccary at Wikipedia
  52. ^ Petit four at Wikipedia
  53. ^ Forum post by Tracy - January 27, 2011
  54. ^ Phylloxera at Wikipedia
  55. ^ Pince-nez on Wikipedia
  56. ^ Quicklime at Wikipedia
  57. ^ Roustabout at Wikipedia
  58. ^ Saturday Evening Post at Wikipedia
  59. ^ a b "Rhubarb"
  60. ^ Jerry Seinfeld at Wikipedia
  61. ^ Shiv at Wikipedia
  62. ^ Sickle mower at Wikipedia
  63. ^ Sisters of Mercy at Wikipedia
  64. ^ "Formaldehyde"
  65. ^ "Tiny Narratives (Q&A)"
  66. ^ Snellen chart at Wikipedia
  67. ^ Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named F20110127
  68. ^ Spiritus Frumenti at Henriette's Herbal Homepage
  69. ^ Spring house at Wikipedia
  70. ^ Still at Wikipedia.
  71. ^ Struggle Buggy defined at the Antique Automobile Club of America
  72. ^ "Bee-line"
  73. ^ "Gallivant"
  74. ^ The Perils of Pauline on Wikipedia
  75. ^ Tire iron at Wikipedia
  76. ^ The Tommy gun at Wikipedia
  77. ^ Bureau of Prohibition at Wikipedia
  78. ^ Department of the Treasury at Wikipedia
  79. ^ Tuatha Dé Danann at Wikipedia
  80. ^ Ukulele at Wikipedia
  81. ^ Rudolph Valentino at Wikipedia
  82. ^ Vanity Fair at Wikipeida
  83. ^ Vivaldi at Wikipedia
  84. ^ Vogue at Wikipeida
  85. ^ Wag at Dictionary.com
  86. ^ Forum post by Tracy - February 24, 2011
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